A dental patient consent form is used to get proper consent from a patient who is a minor before a dental can perform treatments. It is an agreement by the patient, or a parent or guardian. It should be;
Voluntary: The person either the parent or guardian giving consent hasn’t been put under pressure.
Informed: The patient has to provide all details relevant to the treatment being done, like benefits, risks, and alternatives.
Capacity: In order to make a well-informed decision, the patient has to be capable of understanding the given information.
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How to get consent?
It is the responsibility of the dentist and any team members to ensure that a patient’s consent has been provided properly before any treatment can be started. However, there are two types of consents;
This type of consent occurs with dental examinations when a patient has already informed about the planned treatment for that session. Then, the patient physically and voluntarily sits in the dental chair ready for treatment.
This consent is for treatments outside of an examination. It is required by the patient either orally or in writing. When treatment needs a patient to be sedated or provided a general anesthetic for the proposed treatment, then the written consent is required.
What is a dental consent form?
A dental consent form provides authorization by the patient to their dentist to proceed with treatment. It contains the signatures of the patient. The form should be a detailed one that covers risks, benefits, alternatives, and medical issues. The main purpose of this form is to ensure that the patient or parent/guardian has been provided details about the procedure. It can prevent the dentist against liability in case anything go wrong when the procedure is being done.
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What to include in a dental consent form?
Following are the things that should be included a Dental Consent Form;
- Description of any current dental problems
- An explanation of any proposed dental treatments
- The reason behind the selected treatments
- The results that are expected
- Any risks regarding with the proposed treatment
- Any other ways a problem may be treated
Before the patient consent to treatment, they should understand any risks involved. You should go over this form in order to answer any questions the patient may have clearly. Those patients that are under the age of 18, their parent or guardian has to sign the consent form.
It’s a dentist’s legal responsibility to ensure that their patients are aware of all aspects of a proposed treatment that may include any risks and alternatives. Without getting consent, performing a treatment can have legal consequences in case something goes wrong. Consent protects both the patient and the dentist as well.
Consent for Minors:
There are a lot of opinions about consent when it comes to treating a minor. In United States, 18 is the age of majority and a patient under 18 is considered a minor. A patient under 18 needs a parent or guardian’s consent on some procedures. Any patient that is under 12, there is a general rule requires consent from the parent or guardian. Those who are 16 or over have been deemed capable of giving consent for treatments. In some situations, both the parent and patient have to give consent.
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In conclusion, a dental patient consent form is a written form used to get consent from a minor before the dental performs treatments. The form is only valid when it contains the signature of a patient. This document is highly beneficial for the dentist as it protects them against liability in case anything goes wrong.